SHK has been investigating maritime accidents and serious incidents since 1990. The Swedish Transport Agency has the role of regulator and supervisory authority for the civil maritime transport sector in Sweden.
SHK investigates accidents and incidents that occur in direct connection with the operation of a ship.
Very serious accidents, which have occurred in direct connection with the operation of a ship, where:
Incidents that could have led to a very serious accident shall also be investigated.
Serious accidents – but which are not considered very serious – shall be subject to a formalized preliminary assessment before SHK takes a decision whether or not to investigate the event.
The following are examples of such serious accidents: fires, explosions, collisions, groundings, heavy weather or ice damages, hull cracking or similar events, which have occurred in direct connection with the operation of a ship, if the event has resulted in:
Special rules apply to the investigation of occurrences involving foreign ro-ro or a high speed passenger ships in scheduled service.
SHK may delegate the responsibility to lead an investigation to another state, provided that the investigation is carried out in accordance with the Casualty Investigation Code of the International Maritime Organization, IMO (the IMO Code).
Accident Investigation Act (1990:712)
Accident Investigation Ordinance (1990:717)
Ordinance (2007:860) providing instructions for SHK
Regulation (EU) No 1286/2011 adopting a common methodology for investigating marine casualties and incidents